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What Works? A Review of the Efficacy and Effectiveness of Nutrition Interventions

Publication | December 2001
What Works? A Review of the Efficacy and Effectiveness of Nutrition Interventions

Improving nutrition in developing countries is both humanitarian and an economic imperative. Yet, the lack of a systematic evaluation of what works and what does not hampers the progress that has been made.

This review of the nutrition science and program literature will help ADB and other development partners in selecting nutrition interventions either as stand-alone activities or components in integrated social welfare programs. The paper emphasizes what works and why.

This publication covers various issues, including

  • discussion on micronutrient deficiencies - Vitamin A, iodine, and anemia;
  • ways to avert low birth weight;
  • measures to and improve maternal nutrition, child growth, and cognitive development;
  • comprehensive review of the efficacy and effectiveness of supplementation and fortification trials;
  • impact of food-based approaches to improve maternal and child nutrition; and
  • recommendations on a core program of proven efficacy and effectiveness and a level of investment in operations to improve evidence-based nutrition programming.

Contents 

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Preventing Low Birthweight
  • Improving Child Growth
  • Preventing and Treating Anemia
  • Preventing and Treating Iodine Deficiency
  • Preventing and Treating Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD)
  • Effectiveness of Large Scale Interventions
  • Prioritizing Options
  • References
  • Appendixes