Where Women Work in Asia and the Pacific: Implications for Policies, Equity, and Inclusive Growth

Publication | October 2023

This study analyzes gender gaps in Asia and the Pacific’s labor market and shows why removing the barriers preventing women accessing decent work, increasing pay, and improving working conditions can drive inclusive development and economic growth.

Drawing on an ILO sectoral employment database, it explains that while structural transformation has boosted jobs, women have benefitted less from growth in newer sectors that offer better pay and conditions. It highlights the need for gender-responsive measures that promote flexible working, expand maternity leave, and invest in education and training for women to boost gender equality in the labor market.


  • Introduction
  • Labour market overview and context
  • Where women work: A sectoral portrait of the region
  • The impacts of structural transformation on female employment
  • Sectoral employment and work quality outcomes among women
  • Policy considerations

Additional Details

  • Gender Equality
  • Social development and protection
  • Social protection - labor and employment
  • 62
  • 8.5 x 11
  • TCS230400-2
  • ILO: 978-92-2-039524-0 (print)
  • ILO: 978-92-2-039525-7 (web PDF)
  • ADB: 978-92-9270-289-2 (print)
  • ADB: 978-92-9270-290-8 (web PDF)

Subscribe to our monthly digest of latest ADB publications.

Follow ADB Publications on social media.