World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation: Assessing the Level of Ambition and Likely Impacts
At the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) held in Bali on 3–6 December 2013, the ministers agreed upon the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation (ATF). This paper assesses the level of ambition of the ATF from two angles. First, the use of softening language in each provision is examined. Second, the final agreement is compared against the draft text prepared before the Bali conference. Then, the paper considers the likely legal, economic, capacity building, and reform-inducing impacts of the ATF.
- Commitment Methodology under the ATF (Section II)
- Obligations Set by the ATF (Section I)
- Likely Impacts