Peatlands constitute the last wet habitats in most of Mongolia. It serves as pasture for livestock, feeds rivers, prevents soil erosion, and maintains necessary levels of groundwater for forest and crop growth. However, majority of peatlands have significantly degraded due to unsustainable livestock grazing practices, drainage, tourism and industrial activities, and climate change impacts. This PDA builds upon the technical assistance Strategic Planning for Peatlands and residents’ restoration efforts. The goals are to demonstrate scientific peatlands restoration techniques, avert further degradation, and encourage other communities to implement peatlands restoration.
|Approval date||July 2016|
|Completion date||November 2017|
|ADB officer||Alvin Lopez|
The PDA involved several activities (see report for full list), including developing a concept and design for the ecological restoration of peatlands hydrology and biodiversity, implementing the design, and establishing a monitoring system for water levels and other components. A long-term plan for peatland restoration in other sites across the Orkhon valley was also developed.
In addition to the restoration plans and other activities, the outcome of this PDA consists of increased awareness among local stakeholders on the importance and viability of peatlands restoration. The overall impact is improved hydrological situation that restores the peatlands and its ecological benefits, such as land productivity and livelihoods.
The pilot study also highlighted recommendations for scaling up and further implementation. First, there could be more activities to strengthen awareness, such as a sociological study to understand attitudes toward the issue and level of knowledge. A communications campaign could also be conducted to complement efforts, including the development and dissemination of posters and leaflets, as well as lectures and other initiatives. Furthermore, the study noted conducting a wider scope for hydrological modeling.
Read the final report.