This Pilot and Demonstration Activity (PDA) covered two distinct activities. First activity tested and validated the eSOS emergency sanitation business model as an innovative decision-making support tool responding to emergency situations, as well as a cost-effective provision of sanitation to informal settlements and temporary situations like large religious and public events. The second activity involved the manufacture, testing and validation of this innovative toilet in order to arrive at the final level of market readiness.
|Approval date||March 2015|
|Completion date||January 2016|
|ADB officer||Javier Coloma Brotons|
|Partner||UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education|
Completed in January 2016, this PDA:
- Tested and validated the eSOS emergency sanitation business model as an innovative decision-making support tool responding to emergency situations, as well as an affordable sanitation solution to informal settlements and temporary situations in times of emergencies before, during, and after disasters. an appropriate public-private partnership business model involving various stakeholders for operating and maintaining the activated carbon plant
- Successfully manufactured, tested and validated this innovative toilet through observable data over a specific test period.
Read the final report.
The eSOS business model consists of smart toilets, an intelligent excreta collection vehicle tracking system, a decentralized excreta treatment facility, an emergency sanitation coordination centre, and an integrated eSOS communication and management system. The number of sanitation units deployed were determined using rules of thumb (e.g. 20-50 people per unit per day), but the application of eSOS provided practical feedback on these rules as much more data became available.
Testing of the eSOS Smart Toilet entailed a set of conditions that needed to be fulfilled, including durability, ease of use, quick installation and deployability, inexpensive, safe to use, provides sufficient privacy, among others. The project component also included manufacturing, field testing and validation of the innovative experimental eSOS smart toilet.
The experimental toilet was manufactured and tested in The Netherlands. Field (case study) testing and validation of the business model was conducted in a refugee camp in Tacloban City in the Philippines over a period of three months.
- Component 1: eSOS Business Model
- Development of conceptual framework, model and software for an emergency sanitation business model with completed functionality testing;
- Successful completion and validation of case study application;
- Results of the pilot and demonstration compiled in a report, disseminated and globally communicated with free global access to the results
- Component 2: Testing of eSOS Smart Toilet
- Innovative eSOS toilet was installed and tested;
- Results of the pilot compiled in a report, disseminated and globally communicated with free global access to the results;
- An assessment made on the possibility of replicating and scaling up in the region.