The Rural Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Sector Development Program (RRRSDP) in Nepal was designed to accelerate poverty reduction and socially inclusive development in the hill, mountain, and Terai districts to support the government's post-conflict development priorities.

The RRRSDP has a program grant and a project grant under the umbrella sector development program. The program grant aims to support greater inclusion, good governance, and accelerated service delivery in rural infrastructure by adopting and implementing legislation, policies, and institutional capacity development programs in financial and procurement management. The project grant will improve connectivity of rural communities, enhance economic and employment opportunities, and increase access to market and social services for rural communities.

Key Points

Development aims and impacts:

  • Infrastructure projects can reduce poverty and social exclusion of women and disadvantaged groups when they promote participation of all stakeholders in planning and implementation, open economic opportunities and provide access to key services (health, education, markets, credit, and information) which are available, of good quality, and affordable;
  • As managers of household sanitation and food production, women's participation is critical in designing sustainable community-managed infrastructure schemes such as water supply and sanitation facilities and micro-irrigation systems.

ADB processes and management tools:

  • Sector development programs offer opportunities to implement not only project based interventions but policy reforms to create an enabling environment to achieve broad-based goals in poverty reduction and social inclusion. Women's participation and empowerment should be addressed not only in project-based interventions but should be an integral part of the policy matrix for tranche release conditions to ensure adoption of gender-inclusive policy reforms.
  • A detailed gender action plan (GAP) and a gender-inclusive design and monitoring framework (DMF) are important project design and monitoring tools to guide the gender mainstreaming process to achieve gender-responsive and socially inclusive project outcomes.
  • Setting specific targets for women's participation in project design is important but measures to facilitate women’s involvement and empowerment should also be part of the main GAP features.
  • Gender training for all project staff and implementing agencies raise awareness and build skills for effective implementation of the project GAPs.

To know more about this case study, read the ADB publication titled Gender Equality Results Case Studies: Nepal.