Казахстан: Оценка заключительного обзора страновой стратегии и программы для Казахстана на 2004-2006 годы | Asian Development Bank

Казахстан: Оценка заключительного обзора страновой стратегии и программы для Казахстана на 2004-2006 годы

Evaluation Document | 15 декабрь 2011

В 2004-2008 годах Азиатский банк развития (АБР) разработал и реализовал страновую стратегию и программу (ССП) и два обновления ССП (ОССП) для Казахстана. ССП, которая была подготовлена в сентябре 2003 года, охватывала период с 2004 по 2006 годы; две ОССП, завершенные в сентябре 2004 года и сентябре 2005 года, охватывалили 2005-2007 и 2006-2008 годы. Заключительный обзор страновой стратегии и программы (ЗОССП) (Приложение 1), охвативший период между 2004 и 2008 годами, был подготовлен АБР для выявления уроков из своей прошлой деятельности, и послужил вкладом в новую страновую стратегию партнерства (ССП), которая находится на стадии подготовки.

Департамент независимой оценки АБР (ДНО) подготовил этот доклад для: (i) проверки результатов самооценки, предоставленной в ЗОССП; (ii) оценки качества самооценки, и (iii) определения уроков и рекомендаций для улучшения разработки и осуществления предстоящей ССП, а также улучшения качества самооценок в будущем.

Note on IED's Country Evaluations and Validations

Using its 2015 Guidelines for the Preparation of Country Assistance Program Evaluations and Country Partnership Strategy Final Review Validations, the Independent Evaluation Department (IED) intends to provide an objective and informed judgement of the performance and results of country partnership strategies (CPSs), particularly in terms of their relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and development impacts.

In ascertaining relevance, IED considers not only the alignment of the program with country needs and government objectives, but also cross-sector CPS objectives, appropriateness of modalities and sector program designs, and sufficiency of donor coordination.

The effectiveness of a country program in delivering results is also an important aspect of an IED evaluation. Primary focus is on the achievement of the outcomes and outputs of ADB interventions (and the likelihood of achievement if the program is still ongoing), as worded in CPSs and their results frameworks. These include knowledge products and institutional development efforts.

Performance and results are likewise judged from an efficiency perspective, that is, whether the program was delivered in a cost-effective and timely manner, and generated value for money. It also considers the capacity of executing agencies that may contribute to start up and implementation delays, and cost overruns.

Another critical element of IED's evaluation is the likely sustainability of results over the medium term, technically, financially, environmentally, socially, politically, and institutionally. Further, IED looks at how results led to development impacts. Specifically, whether ADB contributed to achieving the CPS objectives, directly through its sector programs and implementing cross-cutting agenda(s) across various modalities in different sectors and by various development partners.

IED gives special importance to cross-cutting objectives by considering how the cross-sectoral and thematic objectives of the CPS are articulated in the results framework and provided with appropriate indicators and targets; and how the program achieved the cross-sector thematic results. Equal weights are given to the achievement of sector and cross-cutting objectives in the relevance and development impact assessments, in both country assistance program evaluations (CAPEs) and CPS final review validations (CPSFRVs). This aligns with ADB's increasing emphasis on achieving corporate strategic priorities.

In preparing its country evaluations and validations, IED conducts document reviews, consults with concerned departments, staff, governments and other stakeholders, and undertakes evaluation missions. IED has put in place a quality assurance system to ensure consistent application of its 2015 guidelines. In CPSFRVs, IED's primary focus is to validate the evidence presented in the CPS Final Review.