This work supports ADB's thrust towards developing guidelines for climate adaptation and climate proofing of proposed projects in the Pacific DMCs, which are extremely vulnerable to climate change, particularly sea level rise. This study mainly involved the development of economic models of cost and benefit analysis for the climate proofing of projects under different climate change scenarios, using two ADB-funded road development sector projects in the Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste as case studies.
Small island countries like those in the Pacific are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The likelihood of extreme weather events such as sea level rise, extreme rainfall, droughts, increased and intensified tropical cyclones, and increase in sea surface temperature is expected to adversely impact Pacific DMCs economically, socially and environmentally. Alongside having to address climate change issues are the increasing and recurring urbanization issues which are exacerbated by climate change.
The Pacific Climate Change Program (PCCP), developed under ADB's Regional Technical Assistance for Strengthening the Capacity of Pacific Developing Member Countries (PDMCs) to Respond to Climate Change, is designed to be a 'one stop climate change service' that addresses PDMCs' present and future climate change-related technical and financing needs, building on and enhancing efforts to date from a variety of development partners. This brochure outlines the rationale, overview, strategy and priority sectors of the PCCP.