The Pacific developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) are a diverse array of countries with widely varying topographies, cultures and economies, fragile natural resource environments, and prosperity, stability, and security that can be compromised by the impacts and consequences of climate change. The Pacific island governments view climate change as a priority issue, especially in terms of its potential impacts on food security, and need clear directions in addressing both issues.
ADB's Pacific Climate Change Program will address climate change-related technical and financing needs and support the planning and implementation of the climate responsive national development plans of Pacific developing member countries. Using innovative financing mechanisms, the program will build on and enhance efforts to-date by a variety of development partners, and will work with regional and national agencies and local communities to create and promote knowledge, skills, and practices in climate change-related fields.
This study describes the areas of focus for the ADB Pacific Department's operations, identifies key gaps between country and ADB actions, as well as opportunities for scaling up ADB's assistance related to mitigation, adaptation and associated crosscutting needs. The CCIP will evolve through periodic updates to effectively guide ongoing and future programs, technical assistance, and project designs.
The studies are designed to assist Pacific Developing Member Countries (PDMCs) to enhance their adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change and variability, including extreme events. The Climate Change Adaptation through Integrated Risk Reduction (CCAIRR) framework and methodology have been used to demonstrate a risk-based approach to adaptation and the mainstreaming of adaptation through risk assessment, adaptation planning, and policy development, by climate proofing infrastructure, and through community and other development initiatives.