The project aimed to address constraints in producing, processing, and providing support services and investment finance needed to resolve natural resource degradation in the People's Republic of China. It was also aimed to promote the long-term sustainability and profitability of higher-value crop production and processing on some 324,000 ha of degraded land with about 3 million farm households.
This report validates the completion report's assessment of the project. IED overall assessment: Successful.
The project aimed to provide a better hydraulic management of the Dili water supply system and improved tertiary distribution in Timor-Leste. The project planned to use a zonal approach in rehabilitating the tertiary network and water connections initially in three subzones (within the 10 Dili water zones), each with approximately 1,000 connections. An additional three subzones were to be added during implementation.
This report validates the completion report's assessment of the project. IED overall assessment: Less than successful.
In 2014, seven of the 10 cities with the worst air quality in the People's Republic of China were located in Hebei. Among the pollutants, the levels of particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) drastically exceeded the air quality standard established by the World Health Organization by a factor of 9.3. In 2010, the socioeconomic impact of the poor air quality in the PRC was estimated at 1.3 million premature deaths per year and a reduction of the national gross domestic product in the range of 9.7%–13.2%.
ONGOING EVALUATION. This approach paper sets out the project background, evaluation scope and approach, data sources, and resource requirements for the proposed project performance evaluation of Risk Mitigation and Strengthening of Endangered Reservoirs in Shandong Province Project of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The objective of the evaluation is to assess whether the project achieved its stated objective of rehabilitating endangered reservoirs and establishing sustainable reservoir rehabilitation and management models through safe and reliable delivery of water s
The project was conceived to develop and demonstrate approaches to implement national policy for managing rapid urbanization. Its design was underpinned by the following: (i) the strong political commitment of the central and provincial governments to develop infrastructure and the economies of medium and small cities, and (ii) the need for a flexible approach that would allow the project to respond to evolving needs.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR), a province in the People's Republic of China, suffered severe air pollution due to its heavy reliance on coal as the primary fuel for industry and residential consumption. In 2004, only 7 of 21 areas in IMAR met the national air quality standards. The project aimed for an efficient, safe, and reliable gas and heating supply and wastewater treatment systems that conserved energy and water resources in the project areas.
The project sought to promote sustainable economic development in seven of Liaoning Province’s small cities and towns by constructing and upgrading road infrastructure and water supply, stormwater and wastewater reticulation, and environmental improvement. The project was expected to help attract investment and in-migration from rural areas. It was also intended to provide employment opportunities and training to reduce unemployment and poverty levels in the province, and to improve institutional capacity management.
The project aimed to provide a sustainable and higher farm productivity and increased income for farmers engaged in perennial and annual crops, and livestock production and processing in the project counties in People's Republic of China. The three core outputs were (i) transition to high-value production; (ii) strengthened market linkages by delivering core infrastructures, such as storage; and (iii) capacity building and training of farmers, farmer associations, and extension staff to support high-value production and farm products processing.
The project aimed to support farmers to diversify from low-yielding crops to higher-value crops. Environment-friendly farm management practices such as water-saving irrigation technologies and more balanced use of fertilizer and agrochemical applications was introduced. Crop diversification through improved access to soil and water-testing facilities and a pilot biogas program to supply organic fertilizers was initiated . The project targeted some 66,200 households in 16,330 hectares of fruit- and vegetable-producing land. The project adopted a farm-to-market value chain approach.
The government of People's Republic of China (PRC) recognized the climate change impacts of the country’s growing energy use, and prioritized energy efficiency and environmental protection in the 11th Five-Year Plan (2006–2010). It planned to improve energy intensity by 20% and reduce major pollutants by 10%, including SO2, which is emitted mostly by coal-fired power plants. In November 2009, the government announced plans to reduce carbon intensity by about 40% compared to 2005.
To help Anhui catalyze its strategic location for promoting economic development and lower transportation costs, an enhanced inter- and intra-provincial transport system was considered crucial to improve accessibility and connectivity. With this aim, the project was designed to contribute to an integrated road transport system that promoted inclusive growth and balanced development, and improve resource efficiency and environment sustainability in Anhui.
The Government of the PRC and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) agreed to implement a project in Wuzhou City, a city in the mountainous areas of the less developed western part of the PRC. The project would use an approach to shift geohazard management from disaster rehabilitation to disaster avoidance and prevention, and incorporate a self-financing mechanism into geohazard management through holistic urban planning and integrated public investment.
The project aimed for a more resource-efficient, safe, and environment-friendly road transport in Heilongjiang province. The project had four intended outputs, as follows: (i) operationalization of the provincial highway and associated facilities between Yichun and Nenjiang, (ii) operationalization of a road asset management system, (iii) introduction of rural bus services in the project area, and (iv) strengthening of institutional and staff capacity.
The report validates the completion report of the project. IED overall assessment: Less than successful.
The PRC's Ministry of Water Resources reflected the high priority given by the government to strengthening reservoirs by establishing the National Reservoir Strengthening Program (NRSP) in 2001. Although the aim was to complete NRSP during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan (2006–2010) period, it was also intended that reservoir rehabilitation would continue beyond the program. More than 30,000 unsafe reservoirs were in need of rehabilitation. Also, class I and II reservoirs were not part of the NRSP but were expected to deteriorate and will need rehabilitation.
In 2 December 2010, ADB provided a loan of $250 million from its ordinary capital resources to finance 14.3% of the project cost, including taxes and duties on expenditures on items funded by ADB. The government financed contingencies and financing charges during implementation. The remaining cost was to be financed by the Ministry of Transport, the Yunnan provincial government, and cofinancing through loans from the Bank of China and the China Construction Bank. The project’s impact was the sustainable economic and social development in Yunnan Province.
The project was designed to improve urban road infrastructure, traffic management and safety, and environmental sanitation in the five fast-growing cities of Altay, Changji, Hami, Kuytun, and Turpan. It was also designed to achieve the environmental objectives approved in the city master plans and in the PRC’s Eleventh Five-Year Plan, 2006–2010. Most of the project roads were inside the five cities and did not directly link to regional highways. However, positive impacts were anticipated in terms of expected regional growth.
The project was designed to support the implementation of part of Hunan's integrated flood control program under the Hunan Provincial 11th Five-Year Plan (2006–2010). The Asian Development Bank (ADB) country strategy and program supported this innovation. A sector loan modality was adopted as an appropriate way to support the government’s sector development plan that included organizational changes, investments, and policy reforms—all aimed at making broad sector improvements.
The project was designed as an integral part of the basin-wide Songhua water resources management initiative and the Songhua River Basin Pollution Prevention and Control Master Plan. It aimed to continue the ongoing effort of the Asian Development Bank to improve the environment of the Songhua River Basin and to complement the Jilin Water Supply and Sewerage Development Project and the Jilin Urban Environmental Improvement Project in improving pollution control in the Songhua River Basin.
The Baiyin municipal government identified four leading industries (nonferrous metal industry, electricity power, coal mining, and chemical industry) as the engines for sustainable economic growth, and eight supporting industries including rare earth, fine chemical, new energy, agroprocessing, and tourism . It decided to develop the Southern Baiyin Industrial Zone as the home of the extended industrial production chains through a joint effort between the public and private sectors.
The project was part of the shortest east–west corridor linking Shanghai, Qingdao, Wuhan, Yichang, and other major cities and ports in the east to Chongqing and Chengdu in the west in the People's Republic of China. Its proposed alignment was 369 km shorter than the existing route between Shanghai and Chengdu.