Do Information and Communication Technologies Empower Female Workers? Firm-Level Evidence from Viet Nam
This paper explores the effects of a firm's adoption of ICT in reducing gender inequality in the labor market.
Indonesia has experienced robust, sustained growth over the past 30 years, accompanied by swift socioeconomic change. However, Indonesian women have remained only moderately engaged in the labor market.
Economic necessity is a key factor driving women to join in market-based employment in Asia’s low-income countries. But married women’s role in the household reduces the likelihood of their labor market participation.