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Agricultural and Food Productivity

To keep pace with population growth, food production in developing Asia and the Pacific will need to increase mainly through improved land and labor productivity. Measures are needed to increase agricultural investments and put in place supporting national and international policies. These measures will help advance scientific and technological discoveries for long-term productivity, and help many poor farmers who have not benefited from past technological advances.

Asia also faces an acute water shortage. By 2030, demand for water is anticipated to exceed supply by 40%. Since 80% of water is used for agricultural production, lack of water leads to lack of food. To grow more food with less water in the region, the productivity of water will need to be improved substantially, through more efficient and sustainable management of water.


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