fbpx Water Plan | Asian Development Bank

Water Plan 2011-2020

ADB's Water Operational Plan 2011–2020 aims to improve the effectiveness and enhance the quality of the outcomes of ADB's water operations. The plan ensures the continuation of ADB’s Water Financing Program from 2011 to 2020. ADB’s water investments will be sustained at $2 billion–$2.5 billion annually or a total of $20 billion–$25 billion over the 10-year period.

Financing priority solutions

To address the region’s water challenges, the plan puts forward these priority solutions, which are the focus of ADB’s water investments from 2011 to 2020:

  • Increased efficiency in water use across a range of users
  • Expanded wastewater management and re-use, including sanitation
  • Embedded integrated water resources management, including improved risk management to mitigate floods, droughts, and other water-related disasters
  • Expanded knowledge and capacity development that uses technology and innovation more directly
  • Enhanced partnerships with the private sector

Core elements

The plan provides three core elements in implementing the WFP:

Deepening and expanding analytical work.ADB will undertake expanded and enhanced analytical work to determine the best measures for governments and communities to adopt as they seek to improve water use practices. Such analytical work will consist mainly of:

  1. A “Future of Water in Asia” study, which will comprise a macro-view of the availability of accessible freshwater over the next 20 years. The aim is to foster a critical understanding of current water issues, as well as emerging trends and solutions
  2. A series of improved country water assessments. A new breed of assessments will be initiated to look across sectors with a more integrated approach. They will take into account the water-food-energy security nexus, and the projected impacts of climate change on water management. These assessments should cut across the food, energy, industry, and domestic sectors and examine water issues and solutions from integrated perspectives of economic value-addition

Advancing inclusive policy reforms. ADB will help countries identify policy reforms that will support the design and implementation of enhanced water agendas, which will suit the specific requirements of each country. Policy reforms areas may include, but are not limited to:

  1. Securing efficiencies in irrigated agriculture through more rationalized water use and higher productivity;
  2. Transforming urban water supply agencies into autonomous and accountable service providers that operate under business principles, providing a superior level of urban water service through a significant drop in water losses, and more widespread use of public-private partnerships;
  3. A surge in the volume of wastewater treated and reused;
  4. The establishment of appropriate regulatory regimes and effective enforcement;
  5. Rehabilitation of groundwater resources; and
  6. The introduction of basin-wide IWRM on a phased basis.

Strengthening support to priority programs and projects. The central design feature in ADB’s future genre of water projects and programs will be efficiency gains. ADB will seek to engage when sustainable efficiency in water use and productivity improvements are clearly demonstrated as the principal outcomes of a set of investments or policy measures. The priorities, programs, and projects should be those that:

  1. Mainstream efficiencies in water use in project design;
  2. Support increased investments in wastewater management and reuse, including sanitation;
  3. Stimulate private sector participation.

Expected results

By reshaping its project designs, ADB expects the following outcomes in the next decade:

  • Accelerated policy and institutional reforms
  • Increased efficiency in water use
  • Increased coverage and improved service levels for water supply, sanitation, irrigation and drainage
  • Accelerated and expanded implementation of IWRM

Overall, the plan’s expected impact will be water resources managed sustainably and water services delivered efficiently