Global Agenda on Development Effectiveness
ADB actively contributes to and influences the global agenda on development effectiveness. Read the brochure Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation: What It Means for ADB.
Read more on the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation. and visit the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation website for full information on the global partnership agenda.
First High Level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation: Building towards the Post-2015 Development Agenda
Over 1500 development partners worldwide gathered during 15-16 April 2014 in Mexico to review global progress in making development cooperation more effective, agree on actions to boost progress, and discuss the post-2015 global development agenda.
Read the communiqué to know the consensus at the High Level Meeting, which focused on the following topics:
- Progress since Busan;
- Domestic resource mobilization;
- Middle-income countries;
- Knowledge sharing, South South cooperation, and triangular cooperation; and
- Business as partner in development.
ADB Vice-President Wencai Zhang represented ADB at the Mexico High Level Meeting. Vice-President Zhang actively participated in the focus session on middle-income countries. He also spoke about challenges of and ADB's efforts on knowledge sharing at the plenary session on South-South cooperation, triangular cooperation and knowledge sharing.
Read ADB Vice-President Lakshmi Venkatachalam's blog post: Why partnering with the private sector is key to inclusive growth. Also read ADB Vice-President Stephen Groff's blog post on Asia Pacific post-2015 priorities, MDG8 and Global Partnerships.
High-level forums on aid effectiveness
From 29 November – 1 December 2011, ADB participated in the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4) in Busan, Republic of Korea alongside over 3,000 delegates from more than 150 countries, including representatives from developed and developing country governments, heads of bilateral and multilateral institutions, civil society organizations, local governments and parliamentarians, foundations, the private sector and academia. The high-level forums (HLF) on aid effectiveness are coordinated by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) Development Effectiveness Committee (DAC). At these meetings, stakeholders from the international donor community, developing countries and civil society meet to discuss the most effective ways to manage the aid process. The first forum was held in Rome in 2003, followed by Paris in 2005 and Accra in 2008.
The main objectives of HLF-4 were to review progress on implementing the commitments and targets set by the Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action, and to determine a future development cooperation framework to improve aid effectiveness in the broader context of development effectiveness. At the end of the three-day forum, participants endorsed the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation. This declaration establishes an agreed framework for development cooperation that embraces partner countries, development partners, emerging donors, civil society organizations and providers of private funds. This is the first time such an inclusive agreement has been achieved, marking a turning point for international development cooperation.
Milestones in the global journey from aid effectiveness to development effectiveness
|2000||The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are agreed. MDG 8 on developing a global partnership for development recognizes the importance of inclusive international efforts. - Millennium Summit of the United Nations, New York|
|2002||Funding targets are set to achieve the MDGs. Donor countries should allocate 0.7% of their gross national income to development assistance.
- Financing for Development Conference, Monterrey
|2003||Donors are asked to coordinate their activities to reduce transaction costs for recipients of development assistance. - High-Level Forum on Harmonization (HLF-1), Rome|
|2005||The Paris Declaration establishes five principles for aid effectiveness: country ownership of the development agenda, donor alignment with country priorities and systems, harmonization of donor policies, managing for development results, and mutual accountability. - Second High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-2), Paris|
|2008||The Accra Agenda for Action upholds the Paris Principles, emphasizing the role of emerging economies, civil society organizations, and parliamentarians in development. - Third High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-3), Accra|
|2010||The Bogota Statement commits partners engaged in South–South cooperation to deepen knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The Dili Declaration proposes to counter conflict and fragility. The Istanbul Principles provide guidance for the development work and practices of civil society organizations. - Bogota, Dili, and Istanbul|
|2011||The Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation embodies the shift from aid effectiveness to effective development cooperation. - Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4), Busan|
|2014||The Busan principles for effective development cooperation are reaffirmed. Action is agreed on the priority themes of domestic resources mobilization, middle-income countries, business as a partner, South–South cooperation, triangular cooperation, and knowledge sharing. - First High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation, Mexico|
Other international initiatives
ADB played a significant role at the high-level event on South–South Cooperation and Capacity Development in Bogota in March 2010, which facilitated interregional sharing of South–South cooperation initiatives and experiences. The event also explored synergies between good practices on South–South cooperation and aid effectiveness principles.
ADB and the United Nations Development Programme's Regional Center in Bangkok, Thailand with other development partners, set up the Capacity Development for Development Effectiveness (CDDE) Facility in March 2009 to strengthen the capacity of partner countries to ensure development effectiveness in Asia and the Pacific. A multi-stakeholder community of practice on aid effectiveness has been established to promote South–South learning.
ADB is also a signatory to the International Aid Transparency Initiative, a multi stakeholder initiative spearheaded by the Department for International Development of the United Kingdom, which commits development partners to agree on common standards for the timely publication of comprehensive and comprehensible information on aid.