Anticorruption and Integrity: Sanctions
ADB imposes sanctions on parties that have engaged in fraudulent, corrupt, coercive, collusive, obstructive practices, or other integrity violations.
In accordance with the Cross Debarment Agreement, ADB may cross debar parties that have been debarred by any of the participating multilateral development banks (MDBs), and vice versa.
To ensure a consistent approach, participating MDBs agreed on harmonized principles for sanctions and treatment of corporate groups. Each participating institution may incorporate these guidelines into their respective processes for considerations of sanctions.
The following statistics provide an overview on the number of firms and individuals ineligible to participate in any ADB-financed activity, those whose eligibility have been reinstated, and those who have been imposed with other remedial measures.
|Sanctions as of 30 April 2020||Firms1||Individuals2|
|Total declared ineligible to participate in ADB-financed activity||2,110||1,018|
|Currently ineligible to participate in ADB-financed activity||1,401||821|
|Cross debarred entities submitted by Multilateral Development Banks3||789||223|
|Upon completion of ineligibility||210||97|
|Upon completion of cross debarment||486||91|
|Reprimanded and cautioned||395||233|
1Debarred entities are ineligible to participate in ADB activities. A debarred firm’s ineligibility extends to all employees and officers of a firm, and may extend to other principals and contractual employees of the firm.
2Debarred individuals may not participate in ADB-related activity, as individuals or through nomination by an eligible firm, unless they have completely disassociated themselves with an ineligible firm.
3African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank
The base sanction for integrity violations is 3-year debarment. The Integrity Oversight Committee (IOC) may impose a greater or lesser debarment period depending on the circumstances of each case. The IOC will be guided by the following ranges:
|First debarments, including cases where a party has previously been given a reprimand||up to indefinite||up to 7 years|
|Second debarments||up to indefinite||up to 10 years|
|Subsequent debarments||up to indefinite||up to 20 years|
- Complete sanctions list of ADB [ authorized users only ]
Full list of entities that ADB sanctioned (includes published list)
- Published sanctions list
Sanctions violations, second and subsequent violations, debarred entities who are uncontactable, cross debarred entities
- Cross debarred entities
Firms and individuals debarred by other multilateral development banks (MDBs) that ADB cross debarred
- Case summaries
Synopsis of ADB cases involving debarred entities