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Anticorruption and Integrity: Sanctions

ADB imposes sanctions on parties that have engaged in fraudulent, corrupt, coercive, collusive, obstructive practices, or other integrity violations.

In accordance with the Cross Debarment Agreement, ADB may cross debar parties that have been debarred by any of the participating multilateral development banks (MDBs), and vice versa.

To ensure a consistent approach, participating MDBs agreed on harmonized principles for sanctions and treatment of corporate groups. Each participating institution may incorporate these guidelines into their respective processes for considerations of sanctions.

The following statistics provide an overview on the number of firms and individuals ineligible to participate in any ADB-financed activity, those whose eligibility have been reinstated, and those who have been imposed with other remedial measures.

Sanctions as of 30 April 2020 Firms1 Individuals2
Total declared ineligible to participate in ADB-financed activity 2,110 1,018
Currently ineligible to participate in ADB-financed activity 1,401 821
          ADB Sanctions 612 598
          Cross debarred entities submitted by Multilateral Development Banks3 789 223
Reinstated 709 197
          Upon appeal 13 9
          Upon completion of ineligibility 210 97
          Upon completion of cross debarment 486 91
Reprimanded and cautioned 395 233

1Debarred entities are ineligible to participate in ADB activities. A debarred firm’s ineligibility extends to all employees and officers of a firm, and may extend to other principals and contractual employees of the firm.

2Debarred individuals may not participate in ADB-related activity, as individuals or through nomination by an eligible firm, unless they have completely disassociated themselves with an ineligible firm.

3African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank

Sanctions period

The base sanction for integrity violations is 3-year debarment. The Integrity Oversight Committee (IOC) may impose a greater or lesser debarment period depending on the circumstances of each case. The IOC will be guided by the following ranges:

Debarment Individuals Firms
First debarments, including cases where a party has previously been given a reprimand up to indefinite up to 7 years
Second debarments up to indefinite up to 10 years
Subsequent debarments up to indefinite up to 20 years

Sanctions list

Sanctions lists of other multilateral development banks (MDBs):