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Partnerships and Initiatives

Addressing Climate Change in the Asia and Pacific Region

A series of publications covering key climate change challenges facing Asia and the Pacific, such as energy and climate change, adaptation in the agriculture sector, and migration and climate migrants.

Asian Environment Outlook

Reviews key environmental issues and trends facing Asia and the Pacific, and identifies investments, institutional and policy measures to advance the green growth agenda. It supports decision makers and stakeholders working in the region.

Carbon Market Program

An innovative financing scheme that supports the development of greenhouse gas mitigation projects (e.g. renewable energy, energy efficiency) in developing countries in Asia and the Pacific that are eligible under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.

Cities Development Initiative for Asia

Assists Asian cities in identifying urban investment projects that emphasize one or more of the following impact areas: urban environment improvement, urban poverty reduction, and climate change mitigation or adaptation.

Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities

Promotes a reduction in vehicle emissions through improved fuel quality, vehicle maintenance, emission control technology, alternative fuels, and better traffic management. It is the leading convener on air quality management in Asia.

Clean Energy Program

Helps developing Asian countries meet their energy security needs, facilitate a transition to a low-carbon economy, and bring about universal access to energy. It pursues these goals by supporting improved efficiency in the energy, transport, urban, and water sectors; aiding countries with the adoption and deployment of renewable energy sources; and improving access to energy for the poor, especially those in remote, rural areas.

Energy for All Initiative

Aims to maximize energy for all, especially the rural poor. The initiative develops approaches for increasing access to affordable, modern and clean energy among the region’s poor.

Mainstreaming Environment for Poverty Reduction

An accelerated learning program to understand the links between poverty reduction and the promotion of environmental sustainability. It implements subprojects that focus on three key areas: sustainable livelihoods, pollution and health, and environmental vulnerability.

Sustainable Transport Initiative

Guides ADB investments in low-carbon, safe, accessible, and affordable transport systems and develop inclusive, clean, and energy-efficient transport policies and projects. The initiative also provides advice and financing for innovative public transport schemes that will cut greenhouse gas emissions and local pollutants.

Water for All

Working to increase investments and support reforms, capacity development, and regional cooperation in the water sector.

Central Asia Countries Initiative for Land Management

Restoring, maintaining, and enhancing the productive functions of land in Central Asia.

Climate Change Adaptation Program for the Pacific

Examined the special risks faced and adaptation approaches and measures needed in low-lying island states, and ADB is following up on implementing strategies identified.

Coral Triangle Initiative

The Coral Triangle, which is the center of the world's coral reef biological diversity, covers areas of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste. The Coral Triangle Initiative aims to preserve and manage the region's marine resources. ADB has been playing a key role in helping to promote the Initiative and serving as the lead agency to mobilize financial resources for the area.

Greater Mekong Subregion Core Environment Program

The Greater Mekong Subregion Core Environment Program and its flagship Biodiversity Conservation Corridor Initiative focus on integrating environmental considerations into key development sectors of the subregion, such as tourism, transport, and energy, and promoting local livelihood and conservation activities with high-value biodiversity landscapes.

Heart of Borneo Initiative

The Heart of Borneo, which straddles Indonesia, Malaysia, and parts of Brunei, contains the largest contiguous forest area remaining in Southeast Asia and is one of the most biologically diverse habitats on Earth. ADB supports the Heart of Borneo Initiative, which addresses the threats to this area, such as forest conversion into rubber and palm oil plantations, logging for timber and pulp production, forest fires, oil and mining industries, and illegal wildlife trade.

ADB and the GEF

The partnership between ADB and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is anchored on the recognition that the drive for global sustainability should be rooted in strong links between environment and development—a clean environment is essential for both sustainable development and poverty reduction.

Asian Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Network

The network, established in 2005 with support from ADB, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and other development partners, aims to improve compliance with environmental laws in Asia through a regional exchange of innovative policies and practices.


ADB and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) cooperate for the promotion of sustainable development and environmental management throughout the Asia Pacific Region.


ADB and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) collaborate in the fields of environmental law, poverty and environment linkages, biodiversity, environmental impact assessment, project monitoring, and coastal resources management.


The partnership builds on ADB and the World Wildlife Fund’s (WWF) shared vision of poverty reduction and environmentally sustainable development, with activities focusing on joint projects and programs, information sharing and knowledge management, capacity building, and the development of sustainable development policies and strategies. ADB and WWF are collaborating on a number of high profile environment initiatives such as the Coral Triangle Initiative, the Greater Mekong Subregion Core Environment Program and the Heart of Borneo Initiative.


Since 1990, ADB has been a close partner of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) in organizing Asia-Pacific ministerial conferences on environment and development, and in preparing the State of the Environment in Asia and the Pacific report and more recently the Asian Environment Outlook series of reports.


ADB and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) cooperate to support environmentally sustainable growth throughout Asia and the Pacific. The cooperation includes capacity building on Clean Development Mechanism, Asia Pacific Adaptation Network, Regional Study on Economics of Climate Change, Asian Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Network, and 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse and Recycling).