Social Protection Index
The Social Protection Index (SPI) summarizes the extent of social protection in Asia and Pacific countries. It provides a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative measure of social protection systems in the region.
The SPI database enables in-depth analysis of social protection at the country and regional levels. It captures the adequacy of social protection in a country by looking at program expenditures, coverage, distribution, and impact. With uniformity in metrics and methods, the SPI can be used as a benchmark to improve social protection through better design, coverage, gender equity, and poverty targeting.
This report analyzes comprehensive 2009 data on government social protection programs in 35 countries in Asia and the Pacific. Results suggest that, despite steep GDP gains in recent decades, the majority of countries in Asia and the Pacific--particularly those that have graduated to middle-income status--have not correspondingly strengthened their systems of social protection. They need to scale up and broaden these systems.
The Social Protection Index is a useful analytical and assessment tool for countries’ social protection programs. This document offers guidance for preparing social protection country assessments, which can pave the ground for further activities.
This blog entry answers frequently asked questions about the Social Protection Index. Why is there a need for it? How is the data collected and analyzed? What indicators does the SPI use?
These reports present the results of consultants' research on social protection programs and policies gathered from significant agencies and ministries in 34 Asia and Pacific countries. They summarize quantitative information on social protection activities to enable the formulation of a national social protection index. The reports also provide updated information and data on social protection arrangements, legislation, and institutions and the calculated SPI for each country. They outline recommendations for countries in Asia and the Pacific in order to improve their current social protection programs.
ADB Briefs are based on papers or notes prepared by ADB staff and their resource persons. The series is designed to provide concise, nontechnical accounts of policy issues of topical interest, with a view to facilitating informed debate.