Developing Asia will need to invest $1.7 trillion per year until 2030, if the region is to maintain growth, tackle poverty, and respond effectively to climate change. ADB is working throughout the region to promote safe, accessible, and green transport infrastructure and services.
James Leather, Chief of ADB's Transport Sector Group, discusses the transport challenges in developing Asia and how ADB is helping through financing and knowledge sharing.
Transport systems across the region need large investment in both new systems and upgrading existing systems to meet the increasing demand for travel and movement of goods. Transport is an enabler of development and plays a pivotal role in inclusive and sustainable development.
The transport sector will decarbonize over time. Asia leads the world in numbers of electric vehicles, dominated by fleets of 2- and 3-wheelers as well as urban buses.
Promotion of zero emission transport such as walking and cycling is the most cost-effective solution, followed by promotion of clean public transport systems such as buses and metro rail. Cities across the region should promote non-motorized and public transport systems to improve air quality and reduce CO2 emissions.
No. Many across the region have poor access to public transport, with only 34% of the regional urban population having ready access. This compares with 50% globally. The reality is that 630 million in rural areas live more than 2km from an all-season road. Road fatality rates in Asia and the Pacific are the highest in the world.
ADB assistance incorporates design standards to adapt and climate proof transport systems. Future weather conditions, higher rainfall, flooding, melting of the permafrost, and storm surges are all considered in infrastructure design.
In addition to government and private financial streams, the principles of users paying is a way to generate the necessary revenues.
Capacity development is one of the key requirements for improvement and operational efficiencies in transport systems. Examples are directly relevant in many cases and while local conditions must be factored in, much can be learnt through knowledge sharing.
ADB is supporting the Government of India to improve road safety and reduce the number of fatalities and serious injuries. ADB assistance on road safety in India covers infrastructure as well as capacity development, improved data collection and analysis, emergency response, and post-crash care.
Chief of Transport Sector Group
Principal Transport Specialist
Senior Road Asset Management Specialist
Senior Transport Specialist
Senior Regional Maritime Specialist
Senior Transport Specialist (Road Safety)
Associate Operations Analyst