Data and Statistics
Data and statistical analysis in the Asia and Pacific region contribute to knowledge generation in ADB, helping strengthen its institutional priorities and operational effectiveness in its developing member economies.
Data goes hand in hand with empowerment. High quality data, with its power to inform and drive action, is needed more than ever.
ADB acknowledges the need for reliable, timely, granular, and integrated data, as well as innovative ways to produce them, to guide economic and social development to ensure that nobody is left behind. To aid in evidence-based policymaking, ADB produces key knowledge resources and partners with statistics agencies in Asia and the Pacific to improve the region's capability to produce effective statistics.
The Asia and the Pacific region underwent pronounced social and economic transformations in the past two decades and emerged as a key player in the global economy. From a 4% share of global GDP in 1960 to almost 35% in 2019, the region's economic growth has led to a dramatic drop in the number of people living below $1.90 a day, from 1.5 billion in 1990 to 263 million in 2015.
The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to reverse part of these achievements. We forecast that, for the first time in almost 60 years, developing countries in Asia will face negative growth in 2020, leading to an additional 78 million people living below $1.90 a day.
To contain and mitigate the consequences of the pandemic, governments require trusted, high quality and timely data to understand unfolding events and their impact, as well as policy options and their potential outcomes.
ADB collaborates with national and international institutions to produce comprehensive and up-to-date statistics across fields and integrate domestic economic structures into a regional framework, allowing impact assessment studies on critical events affecting the region.
ADB's central statistical database and one of the world's most comprehensive resources tor macroeconomic and social indicators from across Asia and the Pacific, updated with the annual editions of the Key Indicators publication series.
This publication provides updated statistics on a comprehensive set of economic, financial, social, and environmental measures as well as select indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals.
Presents data on selected social, economic, and SDG indicators such as population, poverty, annual growth rate of gross domestic product, inflation, and government finance for economies in Asia and the Pacific.
ADB collaborates with the World Bank in the International Comparison Program in order to provide accurate and comparable price and volume measures of national accounts aggregates for the program’s Asia and the Pacific component.
Information on the policy measures and the funding sources that ADB members have undertaken to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.
Repository of country-level data on social protection programs in Asia and the Pacific, providing an internationally comparable database of government-financed programs including expenditure, coverage, size of benefits and distributional impact on poverty and gender.
ADB undertakes in-depth research on statistical methodology, development policy, and current issues relevant to producing official statistics.
Valuable and actionable statistics can come from the most unlikely places, even from space. ADB is collaborating with key partners to explore how information from satellites provide broader perspectives in areas such as economic and agricultural statistics that complement the value of ground-based observations.
Traditional methods for collecting and disseminating official statistics saw significant gains from the use of modern internet-based technologies. ADB conducts rigorous research into developing innovative strategies and enhancing existing methodologies that are relevant to statistics-producing agencies worldwide.
Statistics play a valuable role in emerging issues in Asia and the Pacific across a wide range of themes. ADB collaborates with regional stakeholders and international experts to produce sound research and critical analysis that provide reliable information for evidence-based policymaking.
ADB partners with its developing member countries (DMCs) through programs that bolster capabilities of national statistics offices (NSOs) and national statistical systems (NSSs) in producing high-quality, timely, and relevant data across multiple domains, and promoting the use of technological innovation and non-traditional data. Ongoing and recently-completed projects include:
A series of technical assistance (TA) projects that will strengthen the capacity of Asia and the Pacific NSOs in meeting the increasing data demands for policymaking and monitoring of development goals and targets.
This TA will support Myanmar's NSS and the technical and statistical skills of its staff, enabling the country to adopt international standards in collecting, compiling, and disseminating comparable official statistics.
Focuses on the use of ICT tools, such as computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI), in improving the data collection methods of NSSs for nationally-representative surveys in selected DMCs in support of the SDGs.
A workshop designed with international development partners to promote the use of Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange (SDMX) as a single standard for interoperable data sharing and dissemination in the region.
Provides in-depth training in designing and implementing CAPI for more timely and accurate statistics.
Established the use of Statistical Business Registers (SBR) in Asia and the Pacific NSOs, and provided training in leveraging establishment data for informed policymaking.
A project designed to build adequate NSO capacity in ADB's DMCs to produce supply and use tables, input-output tables, and trade-in-value-added statistics.
This knowledge and support technical assistance is designed to create a broad set of use cases for these data tools that can be broadly categorized as Big Data and advanced statistical tools, such as satellite accounts and seasonal adjustment of economic indicators.