Data and Statistics
Data and statistical analysis in the Asia and Pacific region contribute to knowledge generation in ADB, helping strengthen its institutional priorities and operational effectiveness in its developing member economies.
The International Comparison Program (ICP) is the largest global statistical initiative established for providing comparable price and volume measures of national accounts aggregates across economies of the world.
The ICP entails estimating purchasing power parities (PPPs) and related macro-economic aggregates of economies for comparison. The World Bank coordinates global-level ICP, while ADB covers the program’s Asia-Pacific component where twenty-two economies participated in the 2017 ICP.
The amount of currency units required to purchase a common basket of goods and services that can be purchased with one unit of the reference economy's currency.
The ratio of PPPs to exchange rates with respect to a common currency. PLI expresses the general price level in an economy as percentage of reference economy's price level.
Expenditure that has been converted to common currency by PPP, and hence, valued at a uniform price level across economies.
Expenditure that has been converted to common currency by Exchange Rate without adjusting for the differences in prices of goods and services across economies.
Total expenditure divided by total population of a given economy. Per capita expenditure measures standard of living in an economy. This can be expressed either in real or nominal terms.
An important property of PPP whereby the direct PPP between any two economies yields the same result as an indirect comparison via any other economy.
The relativities between the PPPs, Price Level Indexes, and volume indexes of economies are not affected by either the choice of reference economy or currency.
When estimated from expenditure side, GDP is the total value of the final consumption of households, non-profit institutions serving households, and general government, gross capital formation plus balance of exports and imports.
These reports present the methodologies and results of purchasing power parities (PPPs) across various ICP rounds in Asia and the Pacific; in addition to studies on poverty-specific PPPs, integrating ICP with the Consumer Price Index as a framework for subnational PPPs, and alternative approaches for estimating PPPs for non-benchmark years in the region.
The report provides a comprehensive account of the 2017 International Comparison Program (ICP) cycle for 22 economies in Asia and the Pacific.
This report presents the results of purchasing power parities (PPPs) in the 2011 International Comparison Program in Asia and the Pacific and background information on the concepts that underpin the results.