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Funds and Resources

ADB also offers loans, grants, and technical assistance from Special Funds, Trust Funds, and other sources to help reduce poverty in Asia’s poorest countries.

Note: Numbers may not add up due to rounding.
Source: Asian Development Bank. ADB Annual Report 2021

ADB Funds and Resources

Most of ADB's lending comes from its ordinary capital resources (OCR), offered at near-market terms to lower- to middle-income countries, and beginning in 2017, at very low interest rates to lower income countries. ADB also provides loans and grants from various funds, of which the Asian Development Fund is the largest. The Asian Development Fund (ADF) offers grants that help reduce poverty in ADB's poorest borrowing countries.

An innovation to combine concessional lending operations with OCR balance sheet to enhance ADB’s lending capacity took effect on 1 January 2017. This has increased ADB’s financial capacity to well over $20 billion by 2020.

Read more about combining ADB's ADF and OCR resources.

Innovations and Enhancements in Funding

ADB continues to add value to its provision of financing by developing new and innovative funding mechanisms. Guided by Strategy 2030, the bank offers financing and partnership opportunities that accelerate development in ADB’s developing member countries. These include financing partnership arrangements such as project specific cofinancing, financing partnership facilities, single and multi-donor trust funds, global funding initiatives, and partnership frameworks agreements. It also partners with the private sector by investing in smaller, riskier projects that are innovative, complex and in challenging markets and sectors through innovative financing programs such as the Trade Finance Program and Supply Chain Finance Program.

Ordinary Capital Resources

Ordinary Capital Resources

ADB’s Ordinary Capital Resources operations are diverse, covering focus areas and sectors supporting operational priorities.

Asian Development Fund

ADF provides grants to ADB's lower-income developing member countries. Activities supported by the ADF promote poverty reduction and improvements in the quality of life in the poorer countries of the Asia and Pacific region.

All Funds

ADB also establishes and utilizes other funds and financing facilities to administer for its projects. These may involve partnerships with private entities and/or member countries and are given the same amount of care as ADB's own resources.



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