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Private Sector (Nonsovereign) Financing

ADB focuses on projects that help promote private investments in the region that will have significant development impact and will lead to accelerated, sustainable, and inclusive growth.

Applying for ADB Assistance

There is no standard form of application for ADB assistance. However, ADB would need some basic information to evaluate a project.

Below is a typical list of information requirements for new infrastructure projects that require ADB assistance. These requirements may be amended according to the nature of the project for which ADB assistance is being sought.

1. Executive summary

  • Summarize important points
  • Discuss the importance of the project to the country
  • Explain how and why ADB can assist the project

2. Project description

  • Describe project in detail
  • State why it is important to undertake the project
  • Discuss how much support has been obtained from the government, lending institutions, and other investors

3. Feasibility study

  • Establish the technical, financial, economic, and environmental and social viability of the project
  • If necessary, feasibility study should be prepared by a reputable consultant or consulting firm.

4. Background on sponsor(s)

  • Discuss ownership and management structure
  • Describe sponsor's experience in project development in home country or abroad with emphasis on projects in developing countries, if any
  • Provide financial history, include audited financial statements for the last three years, financial plans and projections, and copies of any recent filings with securities commissions

5. Project ownership structure

  • Discuss the proposed ownership and management structure of the project
  • Explain the legal, tax, and other advantages of the proposed structure
  • Describe cost and incentive structure for contractual arrangements with any separate management company

6. Project's implementation arrangements

  • Explain the implementation and contractual arrangements for the project, including the construction and supervision methodology
  • Provide the draft construction contracts
  • Provide a bar chart showing major scheduled achievements and completion for each of the major components of the project
  • Detailed description of liquidated damage provisions and performance bond requirements

7. Project operations

  • Describe the operational arrangements
  • Provide copies of the contractual agreements
  • Discuss availability and training of operational staff, expected efficiency levels of operation, incentive and penalties for performance, maintenance plans, and reporting systems

8. The market

  • Describe the market and marketing arrangements
  • Provide draft off-take concession and/or purchase agreements
  • Discuss price sensitivity and market risks
  • Provide current and projected markets
  • Discuss creditworthiness of customer(s)

9. Environmental and social aspects

  • Infrastructure projects: Provide a site-specific environmental and social impact assessment report, highlighting environmental and social impacts and mitigating measures, prepared by an acceptable consulting firm. Provide environmental and social management plans including resettlement plan, Indigenous Peoples plan, gender action plan, among other social plans.
  • Capital markets projects: Establish an environmental and social management system to ensure investments comply with ADB's environmental and social requirements.

10. Cost estimates

  • Provide cost estimates analyzed according to (a) major cost category and (b) local and foreign currency cost
  • Include detailed taxes and duties, development expenses, working capital requirements, and interest payments during construction

11. Financing plan

  • List the various sources of financing of the project, and include amounts, currency, and terms of the debt and equity investments, security arrangements, and status of financing commitments
  • Describe the source of finance for contingencies and cost overruns
  • Discuss escrow and retention arrangements
  • Explain the dividend policy as well as any proposed restrictions on payout
  • Discuss how you want ADB to assist the project (propose an equity, debt, guarantee, or cofinancing arrangement)

12. Financial model

  • Provide financial projections for the project covering the period from financial closing through final maturity of the proposed ADB financing
  • Submit two copies of the financial model (one on diskette and one as hard copy)
  • Include balance sheet, profit and loss statement, cash flow statement, and detailed assumptions
  • Use an integrated model that will allow for sensitivity analysis of critical elements of the project
  • Calculate the economic, financial rates of return, and return on equity investments

13. Risk analysis

  • Analyze the risks in implementing and operating
  • Discuss the mitigating measures that will be undertaken and identify the party that will bear and/or pay for the mitigating measures

14. Permits and licenses

  • List all permits and clearances required for implementing and operating the project, the issuing authority, and the date of issue or expected date of issue

Private Sector Financing Programs

Commercial Cofinancing

Commercial Cofinancing

ADB assists developing member country governments and private sector borrowers in securing debt financing on commercial terms for ADB projects through engagement with commercial financial institutions.

Microfinance Risk Participation

Microfinance Risk Participation

A credit enhancement program designed to address a market gap by sharing risks to promote local currency lending to microfinance institutions. Because of its risk-sharing nature, the program encourages private sector participation.

ADB's Trade Finance Program

Trade Finance Program

Fills market gaps for trade finance by providing guarantees and loans to banks to support trade, working with over 200 partner banks to provide companies with financial support to engage in Asia's most challenging markets.