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Energy

With Asia and the Pacific’s energy demand projected to double by 2030, about 200 million people without electricity and more than 1.7 billion people without access to clean cooking, ADB is committed to helping its developing member countries achieve access to clean energy for all.

Contribution to Operational Priorities

To address operational priorities, ADB offers integrated solutions combining expertise across a range of sectors and themes. These solutions will be delivered through an appropriate mix of public and private sector operations that are best suited to the specific needs on the ground.

The following are the energy sector's contributions to ADB's operational priorities.

Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities

  • Provide and increase access of the rural and urban poor to modern and clean energy for lighting, cooking, and heating.
  • Facilitate socioeconomic opportunities, sources of livelihood, and social mobility.

Accelerating progress in gender equality

  • Expand household access to affordable, modern, and clean energy, resulting in reducing traditional fuel-gathering tasks and easing unpaid care and domestic work responsibilities.
  • Expand opportunities for energy-based livelihoods and income-generating activities for women.
  • Provide employment for and develop new skills in women (including scholarships to build pipelines) in energy projects or power system installation, maintenance, and operation.

Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability

  • Increase deployment and adoption of low-carbon technologies in renewable energy projects to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • Increase supply- and demand-side energy efficiency to contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions and to temper the need for additional power generation.

Making cities more livable

  • Promote increased energy efficiency in buildings, and reduce demand for energy, thereby lessening the impact of environmental pollution.
  • Contribute to smart cities with a reliable and affordable supply of electricity through smart grids and distributed systems as well as charging infrastructure for electric vehicles.
  • Increase access to heating and cooling systems using renewable energy, which contributes to uplifting the poor in urban areas while reducing pollution.

Promoting rural development and food security

  • Enable the use of modern technologies in energy access to improve rural education, health, and other social services.
  • Increase deployment of renewable energy technologies in agriculture, and off-grid, mini-grid, and micro-grid systems to facilitate rural development and to help ensure food safety and security.
  • Promote innovative and tailored energy solutions with productive end uses, and involve the community in the development process.

Strengthening governance and institutional capacity

  • Explore ways in multilevel governance and policy management to effectively implement clean energy and energy efficiency, and introduce governance and institutional innovations for sustainable management of energy systems.
  • Strengthen the capacity of national and local governments to increase the use of renewable energy and promote its benefits to citizens and businesses.
  • Help governments formulate laws and regulations, providing for unbundling of power generation, transmission and distribution.
  • Develop policies that support the transition to decentralized power generation and other energy systems considering technological ability, regulatory flexibility, and political processes.
  • Provide inputs in carrying out public–private partnership (PPP) appraisal, monitoring and evaluation. Based on careful comparative analysis, PPP can play a role in the implementation and financing of energy systems.
  • Establish energy systems taking into account various factors, such as the strategic use of information and communication technology and infrastructure and ownership structures, engaging citizens to participate in the energy system transition process.
  • Ensure citizens’ access to sustainable and affordable electricity.

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Fostering regional cooperation and integration

  • Promote energy connectivity, cross-border energy trade, and knowledge exchange
  • Support the deployment of new technology and implementation of operations management that increase the supply of renewable energy systems adapted to cross-border energy trade
  • Maximize the use of renewable energy-based power generation in ensuring regional energy security and reducing carbon dioxide emissions.

Results of ADB-supported Operations in the Energy Sector

Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

The table below shows the results of ADB-supported operations in the energy sector from 2010-2017.

Results Indicators

 22,751,325 tCO2 equivalent per year in greenhouse gas emission reduction

22,751,325 tCO2: The avoided CO2 equivalent emission as a result of a clean energy project or component of a project. Projects with CO2 emission reduction include renewable energy generation, energy efficiency projects in supply and demand side, and use of cleaner fuels such as natural gas in place of coal or oil.

 4 TWH equivalent per year of energy saved

4 TWH: Annual energy savings is the sum of electricity and fuel savings, after converting fuel savings in terrajoules to terawatt-hour equivalent per year. Energy saved is the energy savings resulting from a project or component of a project that involves efficiency improvements in energy use.

 5,699,950 new households connected to electricity

5,699,950: Number of new households given electricity connection.

 3,820,138 new households connected to electricity, rural

3,820,138: Number of new rural households given electricity connection.

 1,879,812 new households connected to electricity, urban

1,879,812: Number of new urban households given electricity connection.

 20,581 MW installed energy generation capacity

20,581 MW: Aggregated additional capacity in megawatts (MW) resulting from generation projects using conventional and renewable energy sources.

 5,382 MW installed energy generation capacity, renewable

5,382 MW: Aggregated additional capacity in megawatts (MW) resulting from generation projects using renewable energy sources.

 12,518 kilometers transmission lines installed or upgraded

12,518 kilometers: Length of power, gas, and oil transmission lines (ground distance in kilometers). For power transmission lines, this should be the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometer.

 108,530 kilometers distribution lines installed or updgraded

108,530 kilometers: Length of the distribution network of lines or pipes installed and/or upgraded in kilometers, aggregating: (i) power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kilovolts or lower; (ii) district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.