Decentralization, as a reform measure, reconfigures power relationships between and among governance institutions. ADB supports countries in implementing decentralization reforms, such as in public services delivery, infrastructure development, and financial management.
Decentralization, as a reform measure, reconfigures power relationships between and among a country’s governance institutions for more effective and efficient public management. Over the last three decades, numerous countries of the Asia and Pacific region have engaged in decentralization and local government reforms due to regime transformation, state rebuilding in the aftermath of internal unrest and war, or to strengthen sub-national governments in order to improve their service delivery for citizens.
The international community has supported such reform initiatives by means of capacity development and advisory services, as well as training. Development partners have increasingly sought a common approach to decentralization reforms. In line with the global debate on aid effectiveness they have made visible efforts to harmonize their support amongst themselves and to align external support with the partner country’s strategies and systems.
ADB supports countries in implementing decentralization reforms, such as in public services delivery, infrastructure development, and financial management.
Decentralization, Local Governance, and Local Economic Development in MongoliaLocal governments can play an important role in providing public services and supporting economic development.
Mapping Property Tax Reform in Southeast AsiaThis report presents an analysis and recommendations to improve the efficiency of tax systems in developing Asia in mobilizing domestic resources to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
Strengthening India's Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers: Learnings from the Asian ExperienceThis publication assesses India’s fiscal federalism framework and recommends improvements based on learnings from the experiences of Australia, Indonesia, Japan, the People’s Republic of China, and the Republic of Korea.
The Role of the East Java Innovation Hub in Fostering Good Local GovernanceThis governance brief examines how innovation hubs, such as one in East Java, can help improve the delivery of basic public services in Indonesia.
Fiscal Decentralization Reform in Cambodia: Progress over the Past Decade and OpportunitiesThis report reviews Cambodia’s progress in fiscal decentralization since passing the Law on Administrative Management of the Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans.
Nepal is strengthening its national and local public financial management and governance systems with support from ADB and other development partners.