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Governance and Public Management

Good governance is critical for development. ADB promotes good governance processes and practices for inclusive, participatory, and sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific.

Decentralization

Mangyan youth beneficiaries of the School Building for Alangan Mangyan under the Local Government Finance and Fiscal Decentralization Reform Program.
Mangyan youth beneficiaries of the School Building for Alangan Mangyan under the Local Government Finance and Fiscal Decentralization Reform Program. Photo: Eric Sales/ADB

Decentralization, as a reform measure, reconfigures power relationships between and among governance institutions. ADB supports countries in implementing decentralization reforms, such as in public services delivery, infrastructure development, and financial management.

Decentralization, as a reform measure, reconfigures power relationships between and among a country’s governance institutions for more effective and efficient public management. Over the last three decades, numerous countries of the Asia and Pacific region have engaged in decentralization and local government reforms due to regime transformation, state rebuilding in the aftermath of internal unrest and war, or to strengthen sub-national governments in order to improve their service delivery for citizens.

The international community has supported such reform initiatives by means of capacity development and advisory services, as well as training. Development partners have increasingly sought a common approach to decentralization reforms. In line with the global debate on aid effectiveness they have made visible efforts to harmonize their support amongst themselves and to align external support with the partner country’s strategies and systems.

ADB supports countries in implementing decentralization reforms, such as in public services delivery, infrastructure development, and financial management.

Read the Governance brief on Managing Decentralization

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