ADB's Work in the Health Sector
Health is a human right and is essential to development. Good health improves learning, worker productivity, and income. As such, health contributes to economic growth.
Asia is the fastest-growing and most dynamic region in the world, but government spending on public health is low and is often not focused on those who need it most. For many in the region, personal health expenses are a major cause of poverty.
Another major challenge facing Asia is disease control and prevention. Countries working together, which increases the movement of people across borders and the exchange of goods, can also spread diseases, including HIV/AIDS.
While the Asia and Pacific region is generally on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, this is not the case for reducing malnutrition and maternal mortality.
ADB is trimming its 2021 economic growth outlook for developing Asia to 7.1%, while the forecast for 2022 is raised to 5.4%. New variants, outbreaks, lockdowns, and slow and uneven vaccine rollouts are weighing down the region’s prospects.