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ADB assists member countries in developing Asia to building transport infrastructure and services which contribute towards low-carbon, safe, accessible, and affordable transport systems.

Contribution to Operational Priorities

To address operational priorities, ADB offers integrated solutions combining expertise across a range of sectors and themes. These solutions will be delivered through an appropriate mix of public and private sector operations that are best suited to the specific needs on the ground.

The following are transport's contributions to ADB's operational priorities.

Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities

Increase inclusion and reduce inequalities in urban and rural accessibility and mobility.

Accelerating progress in gender equality

  • Support employment for women in general but explore opportunities in semi-skilled and skilled job types.
  • Promote women-friendly physical designs of urban and rural transport.
  • Conduct training and awareness campaigns for contractors, construction workers, and communities on prevention of sexual harassment, exploitation and abuse, HIV/sexually transmitted infections, trafficking, and other social risks, where identified.

Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability

  • Encourage mitigation, adaptation, disaster resilience, and environmental sustainability.
  • Improve environmental sustainability in port and coastal transport infrastructure development.

Making cities more livable

  • Promote livable cities through an integrated approach to improve access and mobility and provision of safe, reliable, and economical urban transport choices.
  • Based on a compact city concept, promote integrated land use and transport planning through renewable energy-powered mass transit and nonmotorized transport in an integrated access and mobility system.
  • Develop developing member country capacity to plan, implement, manage, and finance urban transport systems.

Promoting rural development and food security

  • Provide rural roads to improve connectivity.
  • Promote accessibility and decreased cost of rural transport.
  • Reduce losses through transport system improvements and logistics.
  • Contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 9.1.1: Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 kilometers of an all-season road.

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Strengthening governance and institutional capacity

  • Contribute to the design and implementation of policy, regulatory, and institutional reforms for improved transport connectivity and efficiency.
  • Adopt a multi-level governance approach and other analytical frameworks for the development and implementation transport policies and regulations toward achieving transport policy goals.
  • Ensure the coherence of transport sector policies and prioritization guidelines for the evaluation of projects.
  • Provide clarity on the functions and mandates of key ministries, departments, and agencies in the transport sector.
  • Provide assistance to developing member countries in developing sustainable and climate-resilient intermodal transport systems.
  • Improve the planning and procurement functions of transport institutions; strengthen national and subnational public financial management frameworks in the transport sector.
  • Mainstream infrastructure option analysis in transport investment programming and planning, considering key elements such as value for money, technological innovation, project timelines, market analysis, and risk and cost analysis.
  • Increase citizens’ access to sustainable transport infrastructure services.
  • Improve the availability of timely and quality data for sustainable transport infrastructure management.

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Fostering regional cooperation and integration

Provide modern, including more energy-efficient, cross-border infrastructure connectivity with expansion into information and communication technology (ICT) connectivity to support cross-border digital trade. An expansion of multimodal transport systems (roads, rail, ports, aviation) in the context of competitive economic corridors. Modern cross-border logistics incorporating more ICT, capable of supporting greater diversity of goods and/or services transported, and for improving the effectiveness of detecting illicit trade. Support for designing new and/or improved inter-subregional connectivity.

Results of ADB-supported Operations in the Transport Sector

Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

The table below shows the results of ADB-supported operations in the transport sector from 2010–2018.

Results Indicators

 148,785,943 average daily vehicle-kilometers use of roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

148,785,943 average daily vehicle-kilometers: Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

 25,937,061 average daily ton-kilometers use of railways built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

25,937,061 average daily ton-kilometers: Railway freight benefiting from built or upgraded railway in the year after project completion. Ton-kilometer is often based on data provided by the railway company, as revenues are typically collected on this basis. If this is not available then daily ton-kilometer is calculated by multiplying the daily freight tons carried by the average number of kilometers hauled. The indicator excludes urban rail.

 107,917 kilometers roads built or upgraded

107,917 kilometers: Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

 16,156 kilometers expressways and national highways built or upgraded

16,156 kilometers: Expressways and national highways built or updgraded (kilometers)

 83,960 kilometers provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded

83,960 kilometers: Provincial, district, and rural road networks built or upgraded (kilometers)

 86,618 kilometers roads built or upgraded, rural

86,618 kilometers: Length of rural road networks built or upgraded (kilometers)

 11,609 kilometers roads built or upgraded, urban

11,609 kilometers: Length of urban road networks built or upgraded (kilometers)

 2,744 kilometers railways constructed or/and upgraded

2,744 kilometers: Length of railway tracks built or upgraded in kilometers (double tracks do not count twice). Railways refer to intercity and/or regional rail infrastructure.

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