Human Mobility and Migration
The Asia and the Pacific region is home to a growing number of migrants moving from their communities to others in the same country or to other countries. Migration can be a powerful contributor to economic and social development. At the same time, migration can add to overcrowding in cities, strain social cohesion in migrant receiving areas, and be tied up with human trafficking.
Greater connectivity between and among countries has promoted human mobility within the region. Migrants can bring needed labor skills, trading networks, and an entrepreneurial spirit to destination communities. Migrants also send remittances to their places of origin, providing financial resources that can reduce poverty and be used for productive purposes. ADB supports its developing member countries to facilitate human mobility while maximizing its benefits.
COVID-19 and Overseas Filipino Workers: Return Migration and Reintegration into the Home Country—the Philippine Case
This paper profiles the return migration and reintegration of returning overseas workers into the Philippines during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and discusses policy considerations.
COVID-19’s Initial Impact on Food Supply Chains, Rural Migrants, and Poverty in the People’s Republic of China
This paper explores the initial impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) on food, rural migrants, and other vulnerable groups, and includes policy recommendations.
Accessibility Analysis of the South Commuter Railway Project of the Philippines
This brief outlines findings on how the 54.6 km South Commuter Railway (SCR) to be built between Metro Manila and Laguna province in the Philippines is expected to improve access to jobs.
Evaluating the Impact of Remittances on Human Capital Investment in the Kyrgyz Republic
This paper finds that remittances in the Kyrgyz Republic have negative impacts on schooling. It suggests actions including financial literacy education and better monitoring of the time children spend on farm labor.
Anticipating and Preparing for Emerging Skills and Jobs: Key Issues, Concerns, and Prospects
This book contains a compilation of articles covering diverse perspectives on the dramatic evolution of work in Asia and the Pacific as well as the implications of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on skills and workforce development.
The biggest driver of migration flows in Asia is the search for greater job opportunities and better income.