Human Mobility and Migration
The Asia and the Pacific region is home to a growing number of migrants moving from their communities to others in the same country or to other countries. Migration can be a powerful contributor to economic and social development. At the same time, migration can add to overcrowding in cities, strain social cohesion in migrant receiving areas, and be tied up with human trafficking.
Greater connectivity between and among countries has promoted human mobility within the region. Migrants can bring needed labor skills, trading networks, and an entrepreneurial spirit to destination communities. Migrants also send remittances to their places of origin, providing financial resources that can reduce poverty and be used for productive purposes. ADB supports its developing member countries to facilitate human mobility while maximizing its benefits.
How to Fill the Working-Age Population Gap in Asia: A Population Accounting Approach
To address the challenges of aging populations, this paper examines extending the retirement age, augmenting labor migration within the region, and using population accounting methodology with the goal of increasing fertility rates.
Policy Brief on Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan
Female labor force participation in Pakistan is still well below levels in other countries with similar incomes despite growing by more than half over the past 2 decades.
Bangladesh: Looking Beyond Garments - Employment Diagnostic Study
This study highlights the role played by growing female workforce in the positive economic turnaround in Bangladesh. It is now essential to shift workers to more highly productive sectors through structural transformations.
Achieving Skill Mobility in the ASEAN Economic Community: Challenges, Opportunities, and Policy Implications
ASEAN member states face challenges in achieving greater mobility for the highly skilled, including hurdles in recognizing professional qualifications, and opening up access to certain jobs.
Challenges and Opportunities for Skills Development in Asia: Changing Supply, Demand, and Mismatches
Evidence suggests that skills mismatch will likely worsen if Asia continues to rely on the old model of skills supply that aided its economic and technological “catch-up” in recent decades.
The biggest driver of migration flows in Asia is the search for greater job opportunities and better income.