Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations (FCAS) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
Developing context-specific tailored support for FCAS and SIDS is a critical element in ADB’s approach to helping build resilience and secure lasting stability and development in the most vulnerable environments.
ADB has developed an approach to ensure that its operations address the specific challenges and requirements of FCAS and SIDS. This approach promotes the use of innovative approaches and technologies built on a solid foundation of data analytics and context-specific knowledge. It delivers integrated solutions by combining expertise across sectors and themes and through a mix of public and private sector operations.
Advisor, SDCC and Chief of Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations
Principal Operations Coordination Specialist (Conflict-Affected Situations)
Principal Operations Coordination Specialist (Fragile Situations)
Senior Operations Coordination Specialist (Fragile Situations)
Operations Coordination Specialist (Conflict-Affected Situations)
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ADB’s President approved the FCAS and SIDS Approach (FSA) in April 2021. The FSA is a high-level institutional document that guides ADB's work in its most fragile and vulnerable DMCs. Anchored in a strong foundation of country-specific analytics and knowledge, the FSA champions risk-based project design and context-sensitive project planning, implementation, and monitoring. It mainstreams digital solutions and supports strong partnerships with development partners—for instance, through joint programming, funding, cofinancing, knowledge sharing, or peace-building activities—to ensure a more coordinated response. The FSA complements and builds on ADB's operational plans for the seven priorities of Strategy 2030, and the Operational Plan for Private Sector Operations. It also aligns closely with the Pacific Approach, which guides ADB in supporting a resilient Pacific.
The FSA builds upon a theory of change— a tool that converts theory into practice, or objectives into actions —which outlines how the FSA will translate differentiated approaches into improved project performance, and ultimately improved livelihoods in FCAS and SIDS. The Theory of Change diagram below illustrates how all results, including those targeting ADB institutional capacity, ultimately benefit and lead to improved livelihoods in FCAS and SIDS.
ADB’s FCAS team drafted the FSA in collaboration with an interdepartmental working group comprising members from across ADB. External stakeholders were equally important in the FSA’s development.
ADB’s FCAS team and working group consulted with hundreds of stakeholders from September 2020 to March 2021, including government counterparts from FCAS and SIDS countries, bilateral development agencies, civil society organizations, and multilateral development banks. Their invaluable inputs improved the draft document and ensured it reflected the realities on the ground.
FSA implementation began in 2021. Highlights of support to operations departments includes completion of 3 fragility and resilience assessments, 1 political economy assessment, technical inputs to the design of 9 projects, and the initiation of the review of 3 guidance notes, 2 staff instructions, 2 operations manuals, and 1 template. Of those, ADB completed the review of 1 guidance note, 1 staff instruction, and 1 operations manual. ADB completed a range of activities in knowledge management as well, including co-organizing and participating in 10 webinars, participating in 8 international meetings/conferences, conducting two FCAS-related training programs for ADB staff, chairing the Multilateral Development Bank (MDB) Platform on Economic Migration and Forced Displacement (Q1–Q2) and participating in other MDB platforms, and initiating the knowledge and analytics framework. The annual reports of the FSA will provide details of the achievements and more.
The FSA results framework is designed to assess the FSA implementation, performance, and effectiveness in facilitating institutional, behavioral, and procedural changes. The 18 results framework indicators include 13 existing ADB corporate results framework indicators and five new indicators. Of the 13 existing indicators, three are FCAS- and SIDS-specific designed to look at ADB’s organizational effectiveness and performance, and the results of its completed operations in FCAS and SIDS.
These indicators will measure the institutionalization and outcome of the FSA from the design and implementation levels through to adaptive decision making (exercising the differentiated approach in practice), and on to the achievement of development outcomes at DMC level.
In addition to the results framework indicators, an action tracker will monitor the FSA Action Plan implementation annually, with status updates provided for all ongoing sub-actions. In total, the FSA results framework consists of 18 results framework indicators, 13 key action areas, and 34 sub-actions.
To meet its objectives, the FSA will employ tailored approaches built on three implementation pillars that form the basis for the FCAS and SIDS Action Plan, 2021–2025.
The FSA introduces fragility and resilience assessments for improving ADB project planning, promotes increased use of knowledge analytics and tools, supports institutional capacity building in FCAS- and SIDS-related issues for DMCs and within ADB, and promotes strategic partnerships to enhance coordination at the regional and national level.
Flexible business processes to improve responsiveness in fragile contexts
Strengthened analytics, knowledge, and institutional capacity
ADB placed on hold its assistance in Afghanistan
effective 15 August 2021. Learn more
Lao People's Democratic Republic
ADB placed on hold its assistance in Myanmar
effective 1 February 2021. Learn more
Federated States of Micronesia
Papua New Guinea