Afghanistan and ADB
ADB placed its regular assistance to Afghanistan on hold effective 15 August 2021. In 2022, ADB, through a special financing arrangement with the United Nations, provided basic human needs support to ensure food security and to sustain the delivery of essential health and education services for the Afghan people.
ADB's COVID-19 Response is a $20 billion package to support its developing member countries in countering the severe macroeconomic and health impacts caused by COVID-19, including $2.5 billion in concessional and grant resources, as well as $2 billion earmarked for the private sector (nonsovereign).
The Asia Pacific Vaccine Access Facility (APVAX) is ADB's $9 billion vaccine initiative offering rapid and equitable support to its developing member countries as they procure and deliver effective and safe COVID-19 vaccines.
Committed Amount is the financing approved by ADB's Board of Directors or Management for which the legal agreement has been signed by the borrower, recipient, or the investee company and ADB.
*The number of projects excludes short-term finance transactions under the Trade Finance, Supply Chain Finance, and Microfinance Programs.
This paper analyzes how e-commerce dynamics unfolded during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, using a unique, composite dataset focusing on GoFood merchants on the Gojek Indonesia platform.