Solomon Islands and ADB

ADB supports Solomon Islands’ recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic through investments in economic and social infrastructure and public sector management reforms.

ADB's Work in Solomon Islands

Community transmission of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), related containment restrictions, and damage from social unrest in 2021 hampered economic activity in Solomon Islands during 2022. To support economic recovery, ADB is assisting the Government of Solomon Islands to invest in transport, water supply, energy, urban infrastructure and services, education, health, and public sector management.

To date, ADB has committed 121 public sector loans, grants, and technical assistance totaling $421.9 million to Solomon Islands. Cumulative loan and grant disbursements to Solomon Islands amount to $237.35 million. These were financed by concessional ordinary capital resources, the Asian Development Fund, and other special funds. ADB’s ongoing sovereign portfolio in Solomon Islands includes 5 loans and 9 grants worth $160.8 million.

In 2022, ADB approved a $3-million grant to prepare the Honiara Sustainable Solid Waste Management Project, and a $5-million concessional loan and $5-million grant for Subprogram 1 of the Fiscal and Economic Recovery Program to support policy reforms and economic recovery.

In 2021, ADB approved a multitranche financing facility totaling $74.5 million in grants and $74.4 million in loans for the Land and Maritime Connectivity Project (LMCP) to construct roads and wharves. A grant of $6 million for the Transport Sector Project Development Facility finances the design and implementation readiness of LMCP. ADB also approved a $5.5-million grant and $10 million in cofinancing from Australia and New Zealand for the Domestic Resource Mobilization Project to support tax reform. Additional financing of $5 million from the Global Environment Facility has helped scale up the scope of the Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project (UWSSP).

In 2019, ADB committed a $12-million grant and $18 million in concessional financing to support implementation of the Tina River Hydropower Project alongside other cofinanciers including the Government of Australia and the World Bank. The project will substantially increase electricity supply generated from renewable sources in Honiara. A separate $6.79-million grant for the Solar Power Development Project supports the implementation of grid-connected solar to supply clean electricity and reduce reliance on expensive diesel imports.

In 2018, ADB committed a $3-million grant for preparing the UWSSP. This project readiness financing led to the approval of $37 million in loans and grants for the actual project in 2019. The project is now helping improve the efficiency, accessibility, and sustainability of safe water and sanitation in urban and peri-urban areas of Solomon Islands.

The Higher Education in the Pacific Investment Program supports the expansion of the University of South Pacific campus in Solomon Islands. The program is constructing a new campus and will enhance technology-based distance learning programs.

Photo: Asian Development Bank
Children play in a beach on the outskirts of Honiara, Solomon Islands, June 2015. Photo: Luis Ascui/ADB

Operational Challenges. Solomon Islands shares common features with other small island developing states, such as large portions of the population living far from major markets, weak transport infrastructure, high transport costs, irregular transport services, and vulnerability to exogenous economic shocks and the impacts of climate change. Creating an environment that fosters inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth remains a challenge, considering that the country has a small domestic market, narrow economic base, and low economic diversification based on agricultural and unsustainable logging as its primary export industry. In 2022, economic activity was hampered by COVID-19 community transmission and government-imposed trade and travel restrictions that slowed down project implementation. The country continues to exhibit characteristics of a fragile state, with occasional incidents of civil unrest.

Knowledge Work

Solomon Islands continues to face capacity constraints and knowledge gaps affecting public sector performance, private sector development, social and environment safeguards, and gender equality. In 2022, the ADB-supported Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative published several reports including Reopening Borders to Tourism in Pacific Island Countries: Key Lessons and Guidance, which features lessons from Solomon Islands, and A Secure Retirement: Leveling the Playing Field for Women in the Pacific, which discusses women’s access to superannuation in Solomon Islands. The ADB-supported Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility undertook a study titled Enhancing Procurement Practice and Local Content in Pacific Infrastructure that includes a review of infrastructure procurement practices in the Solomon Islands.


Shareholding and Voting Power

Number of Shares Held
708 (0.007% of total shares)

39,822 (0.299% of total membership, 0.46% of total regional membership)

*Overall capital subscription
$9.42 million

*Paid-in capital subscription

* United States dollar figures are valued at rate as of 31 December 2022.

ADB Governor: Harry Degruit Kuma
ADB Alternate Governor: Mckinnie Dentana
ADB Director: Rachel Thompson (Australia)
ADB Alternate Director: David Cavanough (Australia)
ADB Director’s Advisor: Sophak Chea (Cambodia)

Financing Partnerships

Financing partnerships enable ADB’s financing partner governments or their agencies, multilateral financing institutions, and private organizations to participate in financing ADB projects. The additional funds provided may be in the form of loans and grants, technical assistance, and nonsovereign cofinancing.

Cumulative cofinancing commitments in Solomon Islands:

  • Sovereign cofinancing: $456.69 million for 16 investment projects and $9.2 million for 13 technical assistance projects since 1983

In 2022, Solomon Islands received $3.5 million loan cofinancing from the World Bank and a total of $29.46 million grant cofinancing from Australia, New Zealand, and the World Bank for the Supporting Fiscal and Economic Recovery Program – Subprogram 1.


Future Directions

ADB’s planned support for Solomon Islands aligns with the government’s strategic focus on increased infrastructure development, prudent financial management, affordable energy, and strengthening essential health and education services. Investments in road and maritime infrastructure will enhance connectivity and spur economic activity. Planned interventions in sustainable solid waste management will increase quality of life in the country. Support to improve public financial management practices will contribute to economic recovery and enhanced productivity. Investments in renewable energy will deliver cheaper, more reliable, and cleaner power. Resilience to disasters triggered by natural hazards and health shocks will improve through the establishment of disaster-contingent financing. Investments in social infrastructure will enhance health services, and a planned education sector project will support climate-smart citizens and increase students’ employability.

This article was originally published in the ADB and Solomon Islands: Fact Sheet. Updated yearly, this ADB Fact Sheet provides concise information on ADB's operations in the country and contact information.

Last updated: 4 May 2023


Pacific Liaison Coordination Office
Established: 2021
Regional Director: Shane Rosenthal
45 Clarence St, Level 20
Sydney 2000, NSW, Australia
Tel: +61 2 8270 9444
Fax: +61 2 8270 9445

Solomon Islands Pacific Country Office
Established: 2019
Level 1, Heritage Park Commercial Building
Mendana Avenue, Honiara, Solomon Islands
Tel: +677 23333

Ministry of Finance and Treasury
P.O Box 26, Honiara
Tel: +677 21058 / 21074
Fax: +677 27855

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