The Accountability Mechanism of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) exists to provide an independent and effective forum for those affected by ADB-assisted projects to voice their concerns.
The compliance review focuses on the direct and material harm alleged by project-affected people, and whether this is caused by ADB’s violations of its operational policies and procedures in formulating, processing, or implementing the project. The compliance review is done by an independent Compliance Review Panel (CRP).
The compliance review starts with the CRP determining the eligibility of a request for compliance review and recommending to ADB's Board of Directors to authorize a compliance review. If authorized by the Board, the CRP conducts an independent investigation and makes recommendations to the Board to ensure project compliance, including remedial changes in the scope or implementation of the project. The CRP then monitors the implementation of its recommendations and any remedial actions approved by the Board of Directors.
The CRP is an independent body appointed by ADB’s Board of Directors to carry out compliance review under the second phase of the ADB Accountability Mechanism. The CRP consists of three members—a full-time Chair and two part-time members. Two CRP members are from regional member countries, with one of them from a developing member country, and the third member from a nonregional country.
The CRP reports directly to the Board through the Board Compliance Review Committee (BCRC), and is supported by the Office of the Compliance Review Panel (OCRP).
The CRP undertakes the following activities: