Anticorruption and Integrity

Underpinned by ADB's zero tolerance for corruption, the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity aligns with ADB’s commitment to strengthen governance across Asia and the Pacific as it mitigates integrity risks, investigates integrity violations, and promotes integrity among ADB’s stakeholders.

Proactive Integrity Review

A cornerstone of an effective anticorruption program is to actively identify and address risks of fraud and corruption.

As mandated by ADB’s Anticorruption Policy, the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity conducts proactive integrity reviews (PIR, formerly known as project procurement-related reviews) to help prevent and detect integrity violations.

OAI carries out PIRs of ongoing sovereign operations to assess whether ADB financing is being used for its intended purposes. PIRs assess project integrity risks by identifying any red flags of integrity violations through:

Capacity Assessment

Assessment of the executing/implementing agency’s capacity to implement the project including its internal controls.

Asset Management

Inspection of project outputs and assessment of project implementation.

Procurement

Review of projects from bid preparation to evaluation and contract awards.

  Financial Management

Assessment whether disbursements are based on the progress of contract implementation including invoicing, certification of works, and authorizations.

PIRs recommend measures to protect project resources. Follow-up reviews are also conducted to assess the implementation progress of the PIR recommendations, and to assist the executing/implementing agencies and ADB in implementing any remaining recommendations.

These checklists were developed to help project teams of executing and implementing agencies better manage and implement ADB projects. Contact OAI if you are interested in receiving training on how to use the checklists.

Checklist 1: Executing agency self-assessment on capabilities and staffing adequacy 
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will assist the executing agency, implementing agency, project management unit, and/or project implementation unit, as applicable, assess project management capabilities, including staffing adequacy.

  Checklist 2: Disbursements 
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will establish whether

  • adequate documentation is available to support the expenditures
  • contract payments are accurate, and promptly paid in accordance with payment terms stipulated in the contract
  • transactions are genuine, authorized, and have been appropriately reviewed and approved; and
  • transactions are eligible for ADB financing.

  Checklist 3: International competitive bidding procurement 
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will

  • establish whether procurement of goods and civil works under international competitive bidding (ICB) followed the salient requirements of ADB’s Procurement Guidelines, including ADB’s Evaluation Guide; and
  • ensure that measures are being taken to mitigate opportunities for fraud, corruption, and abuse of resources in ADB-financed and –administered/-supported projects.

Checklist 4: Quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) procurement
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will

  • establish whether procurement of consulting services under quality- and cost-based selection method followed the salient requirements of ADB’s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants
  • ensure that measures are being taken to mitigate opportunities for fraud, corruption, and abuse of resources in ADB-financed and –administered/-supported projects.

Checklist 5: Asset verification
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will establish whether

  • actual status of works matches the reported percentage of completion
  • goods delivered physically exist and are adequately safeguarded; and
  • assets are in line with contract specifications.

Reports of Proactive Integrity Review (PIR)

Proactive Integrity Review (PIR), formerly known as Project Procurement-Related Review (PPRR), reports are intended to help executing agencies, implementing agencies, and ADB to identify and develop preventive measures to mitigate risks of fraud and corruption, improve project management, enhance project implementation, and replicate lessons learned for future projects.

Executing/implementing agencies are expected to develop an action plan to implement PIR recommendations, which will be monitored by the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity through follow-up reviews. 

Latest PIR reports

Country Loan/Grant Number Issuance Date
Nepal Bagmati River Basin Improvement - Additional Financing Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3816
Philippines Integrated Coastal Resources Management Project: Follow-up Review Report GR0071, LN2311
China, People's Republic of Ningxia Integrated Ecosystem and Agricultural Development Project LN2436, GR0113
Lao People's Democratic Republic Sustainable Natural Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement Project 0144, 0145
Philippines Integrated Coastal Resources Management Project: Spot Review Report 2311, 0071
Nepal Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Project 2092
Bangladesh Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project 2254
Philippines Infrastructure for Rural Productivity Enhancement Sector Project 1772
Mongolia Cadastral Survey and Land Registration: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN1736
Kyrgyz Republic Agriculture Area Development Project L1726
Indonesia Poor Farmers’ Income Improvement through Innovation Project L1909
Pakistan Malakand Rural Development Project L1672
Cambodia Northwest Rural Development Project L1862
Mongolia Cadastral Survey and Land Registration Project: Project Procurement-Related Audit Report L1736
Bangladesh Forestry Sector Project LN1486
Viet Nam Rural Infrastructure Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN1564
Country Loan/Grant Number Issuance Date
Nepal South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Highway Improvement Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3722
India Rajasthan State Highway Investment Program – Tranche 2: Special Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3815
India Chhattisgarh Road Connectivity Project: Special Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3795
India Karnataka State Highways Improvement III Project: Special Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3619
Tuvalu Outer Island Maritime Infrastructure Project: Follow-Up Review of Proactive Integrity Review Recommendations Grant 6003, Grant 0511, Grant 0512, Grant 0513, Grant 0603, Grant 0775
Armenia Armenia-Georgia Border Regional Road (M6 Vanadzor-Bagratashen) Improvement Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3449
Tuvalu Outer Island Maritime Infrastructure Project: Proactive Integrity Review Grant 6003, Grant 0511, Grant 0512, Grant 0513, Grant 0603
Kazakhstan CAREC Corridors 1 and 6 Connector Road (Aktobe-Makat) Reconstruction Project: Proactive Integrity Review LN3416
Papua New Guinea Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2783, LN2784
Nepal Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN3260
Papua New Guinea Highlands Region Road Improvement Investment Program: Follow-up Review Report LN2496, LN2497, LN3076, LN3077, GR0485, LN3404, LN3408
Timor-Leste Road Network Upgrading Sector Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2857, LN2858, LN3181, GR0504, LN3020, LN3021, GR0404, LN3341, LN3342
India Jaipur Metro Rail Line 1-Phase B Project: Follow-up Review Report LN3062
Papua New Guinea Highlands Region Road Improvement Investment Program - Projects 1 and 2: Project Procurement-Related Review LN2496, LN2497, LN3076, LN3077
Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2670, GR0401, GR0402, LN3151, GR0467, LN8299, LN8300
Papua New Guinea Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2783, LN2784
Myanmar Greater Mekong Subregion East–West Economic Corridor Eindu to Kawkareik Road Improvement Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN3310, LN8294
Myanmar Maubin-Phyapon Road Rehabilitation Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN3199
Timor-Leste Road Network Upgrading and Road Network Upgrading (Sector) Projects: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2857, LN2858, LN3181, LN3020, LN3021, GR0404
India Jaipur Metro Rail Line 1-Phase B Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN3062
Viet Nam Kunming-Hai Phong Transport Corridor - Noi Bai-Lao Cai Highway Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2391, LN2392
Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Project and Rural Roads Improvement Project II: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2670, LN3151, LN0401
Tajikistan Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Corridor 6 (Ayni-Uzbekistan Border Road) Improvement Project: Project Procurement-Related Review GR0301, LN8259
Philippines Road Improvement and Institutional Development Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2836, LN8267
Azerbaijan Road Network Development Program - Projects 1 and 2: Project Procurement-Related Review LN2354, LN2355, LN2433
Nepal Subregional Transport Enhancement Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN2685, GR0225
Nepal Air Transport Capacity Enhancement Project LN2581, GR0181
Mongolia Regional Road Development Project and Regional Road Development Project - Supplementary 2087, 2621, 0199
Regional GMS Kunming-Hai Phong Transport Corridor - Noi Bai-Lao Cai Highway Project 2391, 2392
Cambodia GMS: Cambodia Northwest Provincial Road Improvement Project: Spot Review Report 2539
Kazakhstan CAREC Transport Corridor I (Zhambyl Oblast Section) [Western Europe-Western PRC International Transit Corridor 1] Investment Program - Project 1 2503
China, People's Republic of Hunan Roads Development III Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report 2219
Papua New Guinea Community Water Transport Project L2079
Armenia Rural Road Sector Project L2351, L2467
China, People's Republic of Dali-Lijiang Railway Project L2116
Philippines Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Project - Investment Component L1665
Fiji Third Fiji Road Upgrading Sector Project LN1530
Viet Nam Third Roads Improvement Project L1653
Papua New Guinea Road Maintenance and Upgrading Sector Project L1709
India Surat-Manor Tollway Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN1747
Sri Lanka Roads Network Improvement Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN1649
Country Loan/Grant Number Issuance Date
Uzbekistan Second Tashkent Province Water Supply Development Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3782
Uzbekistan Sustainable Solid-Waste Management Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3903
Lao People's Democratic Republic Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Special Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3041, Grant 0604
Uzbekistan Djizzak Sanitation System Development Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3275
Viet Nam Water Sector Investment Program - Tranches 1-3: Follow-Up Review of Proactive Integrity Review Recommendations Loan 2754, Loan 2961, Loan 3251
Viet Nam Water Sector Investment Program - Tranches 1, 2, and 3: Project Procurement-Related Review Report
Georgia Urban Services Improvement Investment Program - Tranches 3, 4 and 6: Follow-up Review Report LN3078, LN3238, LN3441
Sri Lanka Greater Colombo Water and Wastewater Improvement Investment Program: Follow-up Review Report LN2947, LN2948, LN3029, LN3030
Georgia Urban Services Improvement and Investment Program - Tranches 3 and 4: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN3078, LN3238
Sri Lanka Greater Colombo Water and Wastewater Improvement Investment Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2947, LN2948, LN3029
Bhutan Urban Infrastructure Development Project L2258
Kyrgyz Republic Грант 0122-KGZ(SF): Секторный проект инфраструктурных услуг на уровне населенных пунктов (Дополнительный) G0122
Kyrgyz Republic Community-Based Infrastructure Services Sector Project (Supplementary Grant)
Indonesia Community Water Services and Health Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report 2163/2164
India Multisector Project for Infrastructure Rehabilitation in Jammu and Kashmir: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2151
Uzbekistan Urban Water Supply Project L1842

Note: For more information on these reports, contact OAI.