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Anticorruption and Integrity

Underpinned by ADB's zero tolerance for corruption, the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity aligns with ADB’s commitment to strengthen governance across Asia and the Pacific as it mitigates integrity risks, investigates integrity violations, and promotes integrity among ADB’s stakeholders.

Proactive Integrity Review

A cornerstone of an effective anticorruption program is to actively identify and address risks of fraud and corruption.

As mandated by ADB’s Anticorruption Policy, the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity conducts proactive integrity reviews (PIR, formerly known as project procurement-related reviews) to help prevent and detect integrity violations.

OAI carries out PIRs of ongoing sovereign operations to assess whether ADB financing is being used for its intended purposes. PIRs assess project integrity risks by identifying any red flags of integrity violations through:

  Capacity Assessment

Assessment of the executing/implementing agency’s capacity to implement the project including its internal controls.

  Asset Management

Inspection of project outputs and assessment of project implementation.

  Procurement

Review of projects from bid preparation to evaluation and contract awards.

  Financial Management

Assessment whether disbursements are based on the progress of contract implementation including invoicing, certification of works, and authorizations.

PIRs recommend measures to protect project resources. Follow-up reviews are also conducted to assess the implementation progress of the PIR recommendations, and to assist the executing/implementing agencies and ADB in implementing any remaining recommendations.

These checklists were developed to help project teams of executing and implementing agencies better manage and implement ADB projects. Contact OAI if you are interested in receiving training on how to use the checklists.

  Checklist 1: Executing agency self-assessment on capabilities and staffing adequacy 
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will assist the executing agency, implementing agency, project management unit, and/or project implementation unit, as applicable, assess project management capabilities, including staffing adequacy.

  Checklist 2: Disbursements 
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will establish whether

  • adequate documentation is available to support the expenditures
  • contract payments are accurate, and promptly paid in accordance with payment terms stipulated in the contract
  • transactions are genuine, authorized, and have been appropriately reviewed and approved; and
  • transactions are eligible for ADB financing.

  Checklist 3: International competitive bidding procurement 
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will

  • establish whether procurement of goods and civil works under international competitive bidding (ICB) followed the salient requirements of ADB’s Procurement Guidelines, including ADB’s Evaluation Guide; and
  • ensure that measures are being taken to mitigate opportunities for fraud, corruption, and abuse of resources in ADB-financed and –administered/-supported projects.

  Checklist 4: Quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) procurement
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will

  • establish whether procurement of consulting services under quality- and cost-based selection method followed the salient requirements of ADB’s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants
  • ensure that measures are being taken to mitigate opportunities for fraud, corruption, and abuse of resources in ADB-financed and –administered/-supported projects.

  Checklist 5: Asset verification
[Chinese, Khmer, Lao, Tamil, Vietnamese]

This checklist will establish whether

  • actual status of works matches the reported percentage of completion
  • goods delivered physically exist and are adequately safeguarded; and
  • assets are in line with contract specifications.

Reports of Proactive Integrity Review (PIR)

Proactive Integrity Review (PIR), formerly known as Project Procurement-Related Review (PPRR), reports are intended to help executing agencies, implementing agencies, and ADB to identify and develop preventive measures to mitigate risks of fraud and corruption, improve project management, enhance project implementation, and replicate lessons learned for future projects.

Executing/implementing agencies are expected to develop an action plan to implement PIR recommendations, which will be monitored by the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity through follow-up reviews. 

Latest PIR reports

Country Title Loan/Grant Number Issuance Date
Armenia Armenia-Georgia Border Regional Road (M6 Vanadzor-Bagratashen) Improvement Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3449 May 2021
Tuvalu Outer Island Maritime Infrastructure Project: Proactive Integrity Review Grant 6003, Grant 0511, Grant 0512, Grant 0513, Grant 0603 Apr 2021
Palau North Pacific Regional Connectivity Investment Project: Proactive Integrity Review Loan 3346, Loan 3347 Mar 2021
Kazakhstan CAREC Corridors 1 and 6 Connector Road (Aktobe-Makat) Reconstruction Project: Proactive Integrity Review LN3416 Jun 2020
Papua New Guinea Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2783, LN2784 Dec 2019
Nepal Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN3260 Nov 2019
Papua New Guinea Highlands Region Road Improvement Investment Program: Follow-up Review Report LN2496, LN2497, LN3076, LN3077, GR0485, LN3404, LN3408 Feb 2019
Timor-Leste Road Network Upgrading Sector Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2857, LN2858, LN3181, GR0504, LN3020, LN3021, GR0404, LN3341, LN3342 Dec 2018
India Jaipur Metro Rail Line 1-Phase B Project: Follow-up Review Report LN3062 May 2018
Papua New Guinea Highlands Region Road Improvement Investment Program - Projects 1 and 2: Project Procurement-Related Review LN2496, LN2497, LN3076, LN3077 Oct 2017
Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2670, GR0401, GR0402, LN3151, GR0467, LN8299, LN8300 Aug 2017
Papua New Guinea Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2783, LN2784 Aug 2017
Myanmar Maubin-Phyapon Road Rehabilitation Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN3199 Jun 2017
Myanmar Greater Mekong Subregion East–West Economic Corridor Eindu to Kawkareik Road Improvement Project: Project Procurement-Related Review LN3310, LN8294 Jun 2017
Timor-Leste Road Network Upgrading and Road Network Upgrading (Sector) Projects: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2857, LN2858, LN3181, LN3020, LN3021, GR0404 Jan 2017
India Jaipur Metro Rail Line 1-Phase B Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN3062 Jan 2017
Viet Nam Kunming-Hai Phong Transport Corridor - Noi Bai-Lao Cai Highway Project: Follow-up Review Report LN2391, LN2392 Oct 2016
Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Project and Rural Roads Improvement Project II: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2670, LN3151, LN0401 Sep 2016
Tajikistan Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Corridor 6 (Ayni-Uzbekistan Border Road) Improvement Project: Project Procurement-Related Review GR0301, LN8259 Mar 2016
Philippines Road Improvement and Institutional Development Project: Project Procurement-Related Review Report LN2836, LN8267 Dec 2015

Pages

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  Proactive Integrity Review Process

* PIR reports conducted before 2007 are not published in full. For more information on these reports, contact OAI.